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The basic values of DOM Manipulation using JavaScript

Javascript is the mastermind of almost all the worldwide websites. It does create a basic and enhanced interactive feature that we all embrace. People over 98 percent use it for their websites all over the globe as a recent study says.

Indeed it can also be as powerful as you need it to be. Not only that but also the major turning point of the gaming experience. You can do graphics, videos, games, apps and whatnot. Dom has been just the cherry on the cake to make it more dynamic and versatile.

Image Credits- FreeCodeCamp

What is a DOM?

DOM refers to the document object model and used for DOM manipulation using javascript. It provides a connection between a programming language and a web document. Not only that but also it enables the computer program to modify the document body, structure, design and subject.

The DOM indicates the document as an object for the simplified interaction. Whereas the web page can be either in the form of a portal or an HTML page. Indeed JS happens to be the one that easily interprets and manipulates the DOM interface.

Why use DOM to manipulate JS?

DOM happens to be the easy and effective way to change the factors in the Javascript language. Likewise, Javascript updates the content in the World Wide Web with the aid of manipulating DOM.

  • For instance, the website is made of pages and the pages have been created with the html body content. It gives the shape and structure to the web pages as well.

  • Javascript finds it hard to comprehend the html elements and that is where DOM comes in. DOM separates the HTML or any web window into an understandable tree model. Hence, the JS can quickly sort out the web document to change and update the text or images. It happens with zero need for refreshing also.

  • DOM becomes the tree form that can be designed using various components or objects. It also involves the layout and the characteristics that enhance the performance in turn.

  • DOM has been a major pathway for Javascript to decode the entire website for more straightforward accessibility.

How can JavaScript be used to dynamically manipulate the Document Object Model (DOM) of a webpage?

Javascript can effectively manipulate the dom via the following methods and processes that we go through now. Despite its many other capabilities, JavaScript has the great power to decipher the whole DOM structure.

  • Here we have the objects and elements for every detail be it the heading or body features.

  • Firstly we have the document object and its parts and pieces under it. Similarly, it has the object model for root elements, body elements, head elements, headers, tags, titles and so on.

  • We just need to select the elements to manipulate with the aid of JS as follows.

Four crucial methods of selecting elements


This occurs as the most basic technique to find and select the element as it gets chosen by the respective IDs.


if id=item then the syntax will be
const itemE1= document.getElementById(“item”)

Here we have the case-sensitive ID which means you must mind the capital or small letters in the ID.


In this case, we get the element with the aid of the class name identifier. Though it has been just another identifier like the above one. Hence we can pick the elements to update without refreshing the web.


We sometimes can also make use of the tag name to notify and hand-pick the elements. HTML uses tags like h1,h2 and so on for headings and such as p for paragraphs. However, we can take out the tag name to set the element to amend the text form.

Select via CSS Selectors

CSS selectors style the HTML tags and items. It has to fix the specified element to be fashioned after all. CSS selectors exist to be the prime of the styling aspects. When you try to sort out the elements to be styled upon you need to employ the .querySelector() method.

This will even pick out the selectors via ID, class or tag name or so. It thus gives the first object of the corresponding element that it comes across. The .querySelectorAll() functions on the index of all suitable details.

How to create and adapt elements of the DOM using JS?

We have seen all about taking out the elements to make alterations and style adjustments. However, it has more value to it if we know a thing or two about generating the element. We start with building the objects to make amendments in the latter.

How to create elements.

An element can be built using the createElement(). It now goes to a section to produce multiple elements under the div tag(a section) of the HTML. For instance, the div tag is the parent and has children elements below it.

How to develop the inside HTML content.

We have successfully created an element so far. Moreover, the .innerHTML() helps to write the text inside it and more likely the content. It can be useful in providing the text node(data form to store any value type).

How to append an element.

The appending elements method can be simply done via the append child method. We can employ the appendChild element to the existing parent element called the div tag in no time. Indeed, we can do it with parentE1.appendChild(createE1).

How to put one segment before another.

Here we tell you what to do when you need to insert one more element before the existing one. The elements have been stored in the nodes as stated above so that you work on the insertBefore().

The method called document.insertBefore(newNode, existingNode) shall append the element before or anywhere in the HTML code. JS later interprets with the interpretations of the DOM tree.

How to substitute a child element.

The document.replaceChild(newNode, existingNode) can operate the newly created child node with the existing node and can replace it in the desired place.

How to take out a child element.

Similar to the above one, the document.removeChild(element) should be used to remove the particular element under the div tag or any parent node. We have read all about the elements so far so that you can go ahead and try utilising them for good.


We surely require HTML and JavaScript to manage the complete website portrayal. Do read our basic HTML and CSS writings to transcend and integrate them into the websites. We do all types of courses, internships, and projects that go beyond your expectations. 

Our team involves the masters of web development courses and projects in the tenure of six years no less. Our specialist coaches have come across the best tools and techniques to showcase young talents.

It in turn benefited us in a great way of analysing the minds of the future generation. We would be sure to employ that in the projects too. We also have an amazing design forum to enlighten the styling business. Reach out to our team via email, chat, or call for more info.


Fundamentals of DOM

DOM abbreviates the document object model. It delivers a harmony between a computer language and a net document. It encourages the program to alter the manuscript's body, form, and matter.

The major benefit of DOM manipulation

One of the main utilities of DOM modification is app creation. We can produce numerous forms of user-friendly applications. Apart from that, it happens to be the option to change the design and content of any application with no need for a refresh.

How to manipulate DOM in JS

  • JS has been made full of objects and elements so we need to select the particular element first.

  • We can then manipulate the factor via DOM using multiple ways.

  • A tree tells us the relations in between. We have this incredible tree format to choose from using the node method, similar to that. 

Watch the complete video of Dom manipulation in JS-


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